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The U.S. is currently in a global competition for science and engineering talent. Only a small fraction of our populace pursues careers as scientists or engineers, in direct contrast with emerging countries for which 50% or more of college students follow a science or engineering track. The quality of our science and engineering education system is also poor, if international test scores are to be believed. U.S. military and economic dominance is at stake, as outlined starkly by the Hart-Rudman...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Kim Ricketts and Kirsten Wiley, Merrilea...
Why is software so hard? Our civilization runs on software, yet the art of creating it continues to be a dark mystery, even to the experts, and the greater the ambitions, the more it seem to fail. Scott Rosenberg tried to answer this question by taking us inside the Open Source Application Foundation, a software startup by Mitch Kapor (of Lotus Development) to follow what was supposed to be their 'one year race' to a brilliant new kind of software. Five years later the project is still in...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Kim Ricketts and Kirsten Wiley, Scott...
Microsoft Research Audio
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The legendary Omaha investor has sworn never to write a memoir, but now has allowed one writer unprecedented access to explore directly with him and those closest to him his work,opinions, struggles, triumphs, follies and wisdom. Warren Buffett is an array of paradoxes:He set out to prove that nice guys finish first, and over the years has treated his investors as partners and championed honesty to all. At the same time he became the world’s richest man, all from the modest Omaha headquarters...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Kirsten Wiley, Alice Schroeder
Microsoft Research Audio
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How do we make decisions – good and bad – and why are some people so much better at it than others? Utilizing case studies as diverse as speed dating, pop music, and the shooting of Amadou Diallo, Gladwell reveals that what we think of as decisions made in the blink of an eye are much more complicated than assumed. Drawing on cutting-edge neuroscience and psychology, he shows how the difference between good decision-making and bad has nothing to do with how much information we can process...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Tamara Pesik, Malcolm Gladwell
Most thinking about money assumes your financial life is separate from the rest of your life, but it is time to put those things back together. We need to account for earning, spending, debt and savings, but also count the time these functions take in your life. A positive relationship with money is reflected in the sense of satisfaction and fulfillment you get from your work, and how it connects you with family, community and planet. Regardless of whether you are in debt or whether you have...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Kirsten Wiley, Vicki Robin
Microsoft Research Audio
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Donald Knuth’s “The Art of Computer Programming” on algorithms and their analysis is a classic text in computer science. The image of computer programming that is reflected in this book is one that is highly analytical and mathematical. It calls to mind the figure of a lone developer sitting down at a keyboard to enter esoteric codes into computer. It is difficult to imagine a more “technical” activity; the code must be syntactically correct before it compiles and the algorithms must...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Rob DeLine, Susan Elliott Sim
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Make Love the Bruce Campbell Way What you're reading right now is known as 'flap copy.' This is where the 72,444 words of my latest book,are cooked down to fit in a 3 ½-by-9 ½-inch column. But how does one do that with a fictional story about a B movie actor’s disastrous attempt to finally star in a big-budget Hollywood movie? Do you tantalize readers with snappy zingers like the one in chapter six where Biff the Wonder Boy says, 'You may be bred in ol’ Kentucky, but you're only a crumb...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, johnsang, Bruce Campbell
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Albert Einstein is a great icon of our age: the kindly refugee from oppression whose wild halo of hair, twinkling eyes, engaging humanity, and extraordinary brilliance made his face a symbol and his name a synonym for genius. In 2006, all of his (published and unpublished) papers were unsealed, and with this new information we can get a deeper understanding of the man and his place in history. What role did Einstein’s 'rebellious nature' play in his creativity? What were his thoughts about...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Kim Ricketts and Kirsten Wiley, Walter...
Why has one game, alone among the thousands of games invented and played throughout human history, not only survived but thrived within every culture it has touched? What is it about its thirty-two figurative pieces, moving about its sixty-four black and white squares according to very simple rules, that has captivated people for nearly 1,500 years? Why has it driven some of its greatest players into paranoia and madness, and yet is hailed as a metaphor for society and influenced military...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Kirsten Wiley and Kim Ricketts, David...
In his talk, Professor Leavitt will focus on the philosophical, mathematical, and psychological underpinnings of Turing's landmark work, in particular Turing's proof of the insolubility of Hilbert's 'decision problem' (in the course of which he introduced the concept of the Turing machine) and the provocative essay on artificial intelligence in which Turing asked the famous question, 'Can a machine think?' Professor Leavitt will also discuss Turing's experiences as a homosexual man in pre- and...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Tamara Pesik, David Leavitt
A fascinating exploration of the relationship between music and the mind—and the role of melodies in shaping our lives Whether you load your iPod with Bach or Bono, music has a significant role in your life—even if you never realized it. Why does music evoke such powerful moods? The answers are at last becoming clear, thanks to revolutionary neuroscience and the emerging field of evolutionary psychology. Levitin unravels a host of mysteries that affect everything from pop culture to our...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Kim Ricketts and Tamara Pesik, Daniel...
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by Microsoft Research
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War is seemingly everywhere around us, and not just the war in Iraq. There are culture wars, internet wars, business wars, nasty political wars. This all reflects something strange and new happening in society—a heightened level of conflict up and down the line, as more and more individuals are drawn into and involved in power struggles. It is a confusing and complicated battlefield for us all. The only way to really navigate this new world order is through a solid understanding of strategy,...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Jon Pincus/Tamara Pesik, Robert Greene
Do you come passionately alive at work and relish the role that work plays in your life? If not, Dr. Srikumar Rao has an invitation for you. His work has set hundreds of people on paths of self-discovery that have totally transformed their lives. http://www.leighbureau.com/speakers/srao/rao.pdf' t '_blankThis is not just about jobs and careers. Dr. Rao helps people identify and realize their ideal life. The premise is simple: A person’s ideal life, especially their career, can be carefully...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Tamara Pesik, Srikumar Rao
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If robots understood metaphors, would that make them poets? Should we be suspicious of anything metaphorical? Why are metaphors so messy and what makes them so neat? Philosophers since Plato have complained that metaphors are evasive and slippery at best; at worst perhaps nothing more than a device for telling lies and misleading and corrupting the mind. After Plato, the same complaint shows up with Francis Bacon, with Rene Descartes, John Locke, David Hume, Rudolph Carnap, to name but a few....
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Tamara Pesik, Leroy Searle
Too many companies think creativity means throwing money into marketing efforts and giving lip service to 'out of the box' thinking. But such efforts rarely have a positive impact on the bottom line. Pat Fallon and Fred Senn argue that leaders have more creativity within their organizations than they realize - but they inadvertently stifle it or channel it in ineffective ways. Their work outlines a disciplined approach to building creativity actively into the organizational culture and...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Tamara Pesik, Pat Fallon, Fred Senn
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Frank Herbert wrote over 30 bestselling books during his lifetime, including the now classic six novels set in the Dune universe. The first book, Dune, won both the Nebula and Hugo awards and is still the world’s bestselling science fiction novel. When Frank Herbert died in 1986 he left behind the outlines for the continuation of the Dune saga, though they were hidden in two safe deposit boxes for over a decade. Following his death his son Brian Herbert compiled a massive Dune concordance and...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Kim Ricketts and Kirsten Wiley, Brian...
Process control and improvement are keys to successful businesses, especially in agile environments. The PROfessional Metrcics (PROM) system and its Experience Manager (PEM) are designed to promote them. PROM supports automatic and non invasive collection of metrics from software processes and products. Without any significant intervention of the software engineers (apart the initial configuration), data about where effort is spent, metrics on design and code, and other relevant information...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Nachi Nagappan, Giancarlo Succi
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There are a range of human reactions to music: from indifference to rapture, from “amusia” (the inability to recognize certain aspects of music) to a synesthetic response that imbues every musical note with its own color and taste. Our sensitivities to music can become dangerous-whether is from songs we simply can’t get out of our heads or the non stop musical hallucinations a surprising number of us experience night and day. Yet far more frequently, music goes right: it can help people...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Kim Ricketts and Kirsten Wiley, Oliver...
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This is the story of two people playing chess in a smoky café in 1916 in Zurich, Switzerland. The two people are Tristan Tzara, the founder of Dada, a radical art movement and V.I. Lenin, the architect of the Russian Revolution. And it’s the most important chess game ever played, because the world is never going to be the same when these guys get up from the table. Tzara goes on to change the look and meaning of the new century through poetry, art, paradox, absurdity, laughter, abolishing...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Kirsten Wiley, Andre Codrescu
Microsoft Research Audio
by Microsoft Research
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The Manticore project is an effort to design and implement a new functional language for parallel programming. Unlike many earlier parallel languages, Manticore is a heterogeneous language that supports parallelism at multiple levels. Specifically, we combine CML-style explicit concurrency with fine-grain, implicitly threaded, parallel constructs. To support heterogeneous parallelism, we have developed a novel scheduling architecture. We have been workingon an implementation of Manticore for...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Jim Larus, John Reppy
Theorem provers for higher-order logics often use tactics to implement automated proof search. Often some basic tactics are designed to behave very differently in different contexts. As new axioms, definitions and theorems are added to the system, such tactics may need to be dynamically updated. In a logical framework with multiple (perhaps conflicting) logics, this has the added complexity that definitions and theorems should only be used for automation only in the logic in which they are...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Yuri Gurevich, Aleksey Nogin
No organization can survive without iconoclasts: innovators who single handedly upturn conventional wisdom and manage to achieve what so many others deem impossible. Though indispensable, true iconoclasts are few and far between. What are the constraints the human mind puts on innovative thinking and how can we avoid them? Through vivid accounts of a wide range of iconoclasts including artist Dale Chihuly, physicist Richard Feynman and others we can see the inner workings of the iconoclast’s...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Kim Ricketts, Kirsten Wiley, Gregory Berns
Textual data is everywhere, in email and scientific papers, in online newspapers and e-commerce sites. The Web contains more than 200 terabytes of text not even counting the contents of dynamic textual databases. This enormous source of knowledge is seriously underexploited. Textual documents on the Web are very hard to model computationally: they are mostly unstructured, time-dependent, collectively authored, multilingual, and of uneven importance. Traditional grammar-based techniques don't...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Ciprian Chelba, Dragomir R. Radev
In thirty years of negotiation work, William Ury has learned that the most essential skill in negotiating and resolving conflicts is the one the vast majority of us have the most difficulty mastering: the ability to say “no.” At the heart of the difficulty in saying no is the tension between exercising your power and tending to your relationship—and the secret to saying no without destroying relationships is learning “the art of the positive no.” It is a three-step process that can...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Kim Ricketts and Kirsten Wiley, William...
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How many days were there in 1752? Is there a year 0? When was there a February 30th? Why did an aluminum company lose $1,000,000 on New Year's Eve? Who thinks 1900 was a leap year? Why is Passover late? Why does Ramadan end early? Does the Chinese calendar follow a 19 year cycle? Why do the Hindus skip days and months? Who would pay for a Martian calendar? This talk will answer these ten questions and explain the underpinnings of the major types of calendars: solar (Gregorian, Julian, Persian,...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Yuri Gurevich, Nachum Dershowitz
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The number of African Americans and Latino/as receiving undergraduate and advanced degrees in computer science is disproportionately low. Relatively few African American and Latino/a high school students receive the kind of institutional encouragement, educational opportunities and preparation needed for them to choose computer science as a field of study and profession. Let us look at the daily experiences of students in three Los Angeles public high schools: an overcrowded urban high school,...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Kim Ricketts, Kirsten Wiley, Jane Margolis
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Outliers is a book about success. It starts with a very simple question: what is the difference between those who do something special with their lives and everyone else? In Outliers we’re going to visit a genius who lives on a horse farm in Northern Missouri. We’re going to examine the bizarre histories of professional hockey players and look into the peculiar childhood of Bill Gates and spend time in a Chinese rice paddy. We will investigate the world’s greatest law firm and wonder...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Kim Ricketts, Kirsten Wiley, Malcolm...
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by Microsoft Research
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Enjoying amazing ancient structures through Internet technologies is one of the most promising methods to promote our culture and cultural heritage. These technologies involve sensing, transmission, and display. In this talk, I will briefly explain these three aspects, and then focus on sensing issues, in particular, the technical challenges presented by sensing huge outdoor structures. I will describe the technical challenges and how we solved them as we confronted the difficult task of...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Sing Bing Kang, Katsushi Ikeuchi
Gutenberg is credited with having invented the typographic printing process in the West around 1450. Printing has been regarded as an exception to the general principle that technological advances happen incrementally; it is held that his idea, full-blown at its birth, remained virtually unchanged until the typographic developments of the 19th century. We have studied early printing from an archaeological standpoint, focusing in particular on survivals from Gutenberg’s press. Using data...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, David Salesin, Blaise Aguera y Arcas
The goal of this project is to develop a Microsoft Windows-based Computer Grid infrastructure that will support high performance scientific computing and integration of multi source biometric applications. The University of Houston Microsoft Windows-based Computer Grid (WING) includes not only the Computer Science and the Technology Department networks, but also includes nodes in China, Germany, and several other countries. The total amount of available storage exceeds 4 Terabytes. Four...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Dan Fay, Marc Garbey, Victoria Hilford
A key problem facing us in the 21st century is information retrieval and management - how to retrieve, process, and store the information one seeks from the huge and ever-growing mass of available data, including multimedia. Music, from mp3s to ring tones to digitized scores, is one of the most popular categories of multimedia. Music collections are typically indexed by such features as title, composer, and performer. However, people often wish to perform tasks that require knowledge of their...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Robert Ragno, Bryan Pardo
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Working in secrecy to solve highly classified problems for the Department of Defense, CIA, and NSA is an elite group of scientific advisors who provide the government with analyses on defense and arms control and they call themselves Jason. Named for the hero in Jason and the Argonauts, the group grew out of the Manhattan Project and counts as its members scientists such as Freeman Dyson and Murray Gell-Mann. Of the roughly one hundred Jasons over time, 43 have been elected to the National...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Kim Ricketts and Kirsten Wiley, Ann...
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For nearly a decade, John Wood rode the '90's tech boom to a leadership position at Microsoft where he 'had it all': the big paycheck, the corporate apartment and proximity to software giant Bill Gates. All of this changed with an eye opening trip to Nepal that inspired John to make a stunning decision: He would give up his career in order to build desperately needed schools across the developing world. With LEAVING MICROSOFT TO CHANGE THE WORLD Wood tells the remarkable story of his decision...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Kirsten Wiley and Kim Ricketts, John Wood
They are tiny. They are tall. They are gray. They are green. They survey our world with enormous glowing eyes. To conduct their shocking experiments, they creep in at night to carry humans off to their spaceships. Yet there is no evidence that they exist at all. So how could anyone believe he or she was abducted by aliens? Or want to believe it? To answer these questions, psychologist Susan Clancy interviewed and evaluated 'abductees' – old and young, male and female, religious and agnostic....
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Tamara Pesik, Susan Clancy
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by Microsoft Research
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We live in a world of great and increasing complexity, where even the most expert professionals struggle to master the tasks they face. Longer training, more advanced technologies: neither seems to prevent grievous errors. There is a remedy in the most humble and simple of all techniques: the checklist. We can identify successful people in many fields who turn to checklists to pull off some of the most difficult tasks, and places where the impact of the checklist is huge:
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Kirsten Wiley, Atul Gawande
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What is at the core of every great company? How do leaders and companies create sustained competitive advantage? In Purpose, Nikos Mourkogiannis shows that companies have forgotten one of the most important aspects of strategy: a sense of purpose. Strategy is management’s plan for a company, but Mourkoggianis argues that long before planning, companies must have purpose—a set of values that defines a company and inspires its employees. Rather than organization and structure, such core ideas...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Kim Ricketts, Nikos Mourkogiannis
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It is time to put our most hard-held assumptions about children, parenting and education to the test of current science: and when we do so, we will find how erroneous some of those assumptions can be. For example, did you know: That exposing kids to day to day marital conflict may actually be good for them? That tests for “gifted” schools identify appropriate children only 37% of the time? That young children are more aggressive after watching television shows like “Arthur” than...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Kevin Schofield, Po Bronson
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Visual spatial impairment is often an early symptom of neurodegenerative diseases including Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s diseases. For example, patients get lost, misplace belongings, or have difficulty parking their cars. This multi-faceted domain of cognition is not well-assessed by most dementia evaluations. Neurodegenerative diseases cause circumscribed atrophy in distinct neural networks, and accordingly, they impact visual spatial cognition in different and characteristic ways....
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Kate Possin
Why do Americans buy enormous cars? Choose the largest television sets possible? Frequent fast-food restaurants? Elect tall Presidents? Dr. Clotaire Rapaille is a French-born psychologist, now an American citizen, who has become a marketing guru retained by major Fortune 500 corporations worldwide. His work is based on the idea that every culture has a 'cultural unconscious' that drives the behavior of its members. His task has been to unearth our 'cultural archetypes' to reveal the way they...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Tamara Pesik, Clotaire Rapaille
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In this talk I will describe three projects that harness the potential of variable-aperture photography – capturing multiple photos by manipulating basic lens controls such as aperture and focus. I will show that by combining such photos, the information encoded in defocus can be used to achieve a variety of goals. First, I will describe a new method for computing highly detailed 3D shape by controlling both the aperture and focus of a lens. This method is particularly well-suited for scenes...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Sing Bing Kang, Sam Hasinoff
This talk describes Secure Virtual Architecture (SVA), an efficient and robust approach to provide a safe execution environment for an entire commodity operating system, such as Linux and its hosted applications. SVA defines a simple, but complete, virtual architecture, implemented via a compiler-based virtual machine. The SVA approach is efficient and requires relatively few changes to the guest OS because it is based on a set of novel, and highly efficient, techniques to enforce strong safety...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Jim Larus, Vikram Adve
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In addition to providing an update on the 'culture change' work described in June's Holistic System of Systems talk, and describing the theoretical basis for an approach to inducing cultural change, this talk will serve as a dry run for an upcoming SteveB presentation on 'Project Fabulous', an approach to reinforce and accelerate the cultural transformation of Microsoft. ©2005 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Jon Pincus
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Diverse control and measurement applications, such as mobile phone testing, process optimization, and distributed sonic arrays all require precise timing and synchronization. Designers of such systems need to understand the tradeoffs between the available timing technologies before choosing the right technology. When it comes to writing the software for the system it is often the case that the programming languages and tools either treat time as a second class citizen or worse - ignore time all...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Mike Barnett, Jacob Kornerup
Change or die. What if you were given that choice? What if it weren’t just the hyperbolic rhetoric that conflates corporate performance with life or death? What if a well informed, trusted authority figure said you had to make difficult and enduring changes in the way you think, feel and act? Could you change when change really mattered? While we all have the ability and fundamental need to change our behavior, we rarely do. Against all warnings heart patients and smokers continue to lead...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Kim Ricketts and Kirsten Wiley, Alan...
What accounts for the remarkable ability to get inside another person’s head-to know what they are thinking and feeling? It is at the very heart of what it means to be human, creating a bridge between self and others that is fundamental to the development of culture and society. But what is it in the human brain that makes this possible?In the past decade neurologists have identified mirror neurons in the brain, the “smart cells” that allow us to understand others, and this discovery will...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Kim Ricketts, Kirsten Wiley, Marco...
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Your life is the creation of what you focus on-and what you don’t. But what is “attention”, exactly? Can we train our focus? What happens in the brain when you deeply focus on something? With cutting edge information from neuroscience and behavioral science we can examine the role of attention in all areas of our lives, from work and relationships to the role it plays in innovation and creativity. In today’s world of omnipresent Blackberries, sound bites, Twitter and an increasing...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Kirsten Wiley, Winifred Gallagher
Sometime this century the day will arrive when the human influence on the climate will overwhelm all other natural factors. Over the past decade, the world has seen the most powerful El Niño ever recorded, the most devastating hurricane in two hundred years, the hottest European summer on record (which killed twenty-six thousand people in two months), the first South Atlantic hurricane ever, and one of the worst storm seasons ever experienced in Florida. With one out of every five living...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Tamara Pesik, Tim Flannery
The game industry is becoming a multi-billion dollar industry with revenues overcoming those of the movie industry. Recently, thousands of people around the world camped out in front of stores for days to be the first to own a Xbox 360, a Play Station 3, and Nintendo Wii. As the game industry matures, the tools used by designers and developers to build such games also mature. These tools are gaining importance as they not only result in better, faster developed games, but find unforeseen and...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, John Nordlinger, Magy Seif El-Nasr
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Donna Shirley, Director of the new Science Fiction Museum and Hall of Fame which opened June 18 at the Seattle Center, will give an overview of the museum. SFM is not only an entertaining and instructive museum but is putting together a strong educational program focused on using Science Fiction to increase literacy and an understanding of science, technology and society. ©2004 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Tamara Pesik, Donna Shirley
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Will a better understanding of the human brain enable engineers to build better interfaces and operating systems? Dan Siegel will discuss neurobiology and its implications for computing. He will introduce the study of the brain as a system. Siegel has reviewed a number of scientific disciplines that explore the idea of the mind developing at the interface between human relationships and the unfolding structure and function of the brain. Recent discoveries from a number of independent fields,...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Tamara Pesik, Dan Siegel
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'Meet George Jetson…' Remember the orange-haired techno-savvy character we grew up watching at the breakfast table? Although we aren't quite driving to work in flying cars or demanding chores from robot maids, with today's technology our lifestyle is not too far from the Jetsons. Perhaps the Jetson-era never had high levels of sedentarism or an obesity epidemic. But if they did, how would they face it? In this seminar Biray will discuss how social software (Twitter, Facebook, exergames,...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, John Nordlinger, Biray Alsac
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Taylor Branch has referred to Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. as a modern American founding father. Over the past twenty five years, Taylor Branch has written three volumes dedicated to the life of Dr. King. The first two books in this trilogy won just about every major literary award possible, including the Pulitzer Prize. Taylor will be at Microsoft Research discussing his third and final volume on Dr. King’s life and work At Canaan's Edge. He portrays King at the height of his moral power even...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Tamara Pesik, Taylor Branch
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by Microsoft Research
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Theoretical physicist Smolin argues that the study of physics has lost its way in the past two decades, largely because string theory has captured the imagination of both the public and some prominent physicists. There is one deep flaw he sees in string theory: no part of it has been tested and no one knows how to test it. In fact, the theory appears to come in an infinite number of versions, meaning that no experiment will ever be able to prove it false. Yet it has soaked up the lion’s share...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Kirsten Wiley and Kim Ricketts, Lee Smolin
The standard approach to generating test suites, manual generation of the test inputs in the suite, is tedious and error-prone, especially for code that takes complex test inputs. This talk presents our approach that automates generation of test suites using test abstractions. Conceptually, test abstractions provide a high-level description of desired test suites; developers do not need to manually write large suites of individual tests but instead write test abstractions from which tools...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Nikolai Tillmann, Darko Marinov
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America’s copyright laws have ceased to perform their original, beneficial role: protecting artists’ creations while allowing them to build on previous creative works. In fact, our system now criminalizes those very actions. For many, new technologies have made it irresistible to flout these unreasonable and ultimately untenable laws. Criminalizing our children and our artists is exactly what our society should not do, and we can end this conflict by embracing a new kind of hybrid economy....
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Kirsten Wiley, Lawrence Lessig
The Space Elevator, long considered a favorite topic in science fiction, has recently emerged as a mainstream concept for the development of commercial access to space. What was once thought ‘impossible’ is now being reconsidered - due to several ongoing research areas, including super-strong Material Sciences (Carbon NanoTube Composites) and advances in Robotic, Radar, Laser, PhotoVoltaic and Computing Technologies. The talk will touch briefly on the history of the 100 year old concept,...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Stewart Tansley, Michael J. Laine
Please join the MSPAC for a discussion and book signing with John Kerry and Teresa Heinz Kerry, Tuesday, April 3rd from 10:30am-11:30am in the Elliot and Shilshole rooms of building #36. The Kerrys will discuss their new book “This Moment On Earth”, take your questions, and then sign copies of their book, available for sale at the event. Space is limited and on a first come-first served basis. For further questions on the MSPAC or to be on the MSPAC speaker’s series invite list go to...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, MSPAC, Mike Egan, John Kerry, Teresa...
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In this new futuristic thriller the world keeps getting tougher and more complicated, as America teeters on the edge of bankruptcy because of crushing foreign debt. The country’s apparent “savior”, the Talos Corporation, delivers training for soldiers and runs security forces around the world: but there is a sinister hidden cost. The three FBI agents who survived the challenges in Quantico are draw back together in an alliance against a deadly challenge for which no one is prepared. The...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Kirsten Wiley, Greg Bear
Please join us for lunch at Microsoft this Giving Campaign! Hear about how our award-winning zoo saves wildlife and their habitats in the Northwest and around the world; while educating and inspiring our visitors to take conservation action. We'll also provide program/exhibit updates including the latest on the 188,000 acres our conservation partner the Tree Kangaroo Conservation Program recently protected in Papua New Guinea! And provide a little preview of our upcoming Meerkat Exhibit in...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Kevin Schofield, Paul Balle, Lisa Dabek,...
At the World Economic Forum in Davos, Bill Gates gave the first economic speech of his life challenging fellow entrepreneurs, non profit pioneers, economists and academics to pursue the idea of “creative capitalism” to address the growing gap between the rich and the poor in the global economy. Many of the world’s problems are too big for philanthropy-even on the scale of the Gates Foundation-and the free market capitalist system will need to contribute to solve them.How will this...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Kirsten Wiley, Michael Kinsley
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Increasingly, our culture is being created and defined by relatively small, intensely motivated personal interest groups. Traditional means of uniting (by geography or race, for example) are giving way to smaller groups as people use the internet to share, express and convey their individual passions. One percent of the American public-or three million people-can start a social or political movement or create a business sensation, and change the way we buy, live and vote. It is these groups...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Kim Ricketts and Kirsten Wiley of...
A piece of software is considered interactive if it consumes input and produces output throughout its execution, in contrast to non-interactive software which takes its input at program initialization and produces its output at program termination. Interactive software includes network servers, user interface applications, and computer games, and makes up the majority of user-facing software. The most common approach to implementing interactive components within modern languages is an...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Jim Larus, Brian Chin
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This talk is about a book in progress with Richard Brent (ANU, Canberra, Australia). 'Modern Computer Arithmetic' collects in the same document all state-of-the-art algorithms in multiple precision arithmetic (integers, integers modulo n, floating-point numbers). The best current reference on that topic is volume 2 from Knuth's 'The art of computer programming', which misses some new important algorithms (divide and conquer division, other variants of FFT multiplication, floating-point...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Peter Montgomery, Paul Zimmermann
With the recent emergence of agile software development technologies like XP, many organizations, small and large, have adopted XP or a subset of its practices. This talk describes the empirical evaluation of the XP development process in terms of industrial case studies performed at IBM, Sabre and Tekelec. These case studies involve measurement of various product and process measures to compare the XP process and also discusses the obstacles that were encountered during the case studies. This...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Nachi Nagappan, Laurie Williams
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The Markov Chain Monte Carlo method is arguably the most powerful algorithmic tool available for approximate counting problems. Most known algorithms for such problems follow the paradigm of defining a Markov chain and showing that it mixes rapidly. However, there are natural counting problems where the obvious Markov chains do not mix rapidly. Annealing and Simulated Tempering are two heuristic approaches that can be applied in such situations. Both aim at finding ways to circumvent...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Jennifer Chayes, Nayantara Bhatnagar
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This talk will describe a general recipe for replacing discrete stochastic processes by deterministic analogues that satisfy the same first-order limit laws but have smaller fluctuations. The recipe will be applied to several illustrative problems in the study of random walk and random aggregation. In particular, a derandomized version of the internal diffusion-limited aggregation model in two dimensions gives rise to a growing blob that is remarkably close to circular and also displays...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, David Wilson, James Propp
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COMPANIONS is an EU project that aims to change the way we think about the relationships of people to computers and the Internet by developing a virtual conversational 'Companion'. This is intended as an agent or 'presence' that stays with a user for long periods of time, developing a relationship and 'knowing' its owners preferences and wishes. The Companion communicates with the user primarily through speech. This paper describes the functionality and system modules of the Senior Companion,...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Tim Paek, Yorick Wilks
The elements are what we, and everything around us, are made of. But how many elements has anyone actually seen in pure, uncombined form? Based on years of research and photography Gray has created the most complete and visually arresting representation available to the naked eye of every atom in the universe. Organized in order of appearance on the periodic table, each element is represented in a full color photograph, along with facts, figures and stories of the elements as well as data on...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Kirsten Wiley, Theo Gray
Doppler radar data, which has proven its value in meteorology research, has tremendous potential for use in many other research endeavors if only it weren’t so difficult to work with. In DopplerSource we are removing the hurdles that prevent broader use of the data through a service-based framework for storing, operating on, and serving the data. The 130 WSR-88D (Doppler) radars located throughout the United States generate Level II data continuously 24x7. The data has been valuable in many...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Dan Fay, Beth Plale
No communication technology is a simple conduit for information.PowerPoint inevitably mediates; it shapes the presenter's message. The verdict of Edward Tufte and other popular commentators is that PowerPoint's 'cognitive style' is to 'dumb down ideas and make us stupid.' Although Tufte's attack on PowerPoint is deeply flawed, PowerPoint does distort the visual representation of the presenter's logical hierarchy-primarily by flattening hierarchies. The main reason is that the slide metaphor...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Mary Czerwinski, David K. Farkas
We have been rethinking the fundamental sampling strategies used in interactive computer graphics. This rethinking has led to such interesting questions as, 'How should we display an image in which some pixels are older than others? Do we need pixels at all? Do we even need 'images' in the classic sense of 'frames in an animation'?' We will describe a novel temporally adaptive temporal sampling approach based on frameless rendering, a per-sample rendering algorithm that decouples spatial and...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Hugues Hoppe, Benjamin Watson, David...
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Tasks like image recognition are trivial for humans, but continue to challenge even the most sophisticated computer programs. This talk introduces a paradigm for utilizing human processing power to solve problems that computers cannot yet solve. Traditional approaches to solving such problems focus on improving software. I advocate a novel approach: constructively channel human brainpower using computer games. For example, the ESP Game, described in this talk, is an enjoyable online game –...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, John Platt, Luis von Ahn
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In the digital marketplace, the most effective price is no price at all. Savvy businesses are raking it in with indirect routes from product to revenue with such models as cross-subsidies (giving away a DVR to cell cable service) and “freemiums” (offering Flickr for free while selling the superior FlickrPro to serious users. New media models have allowed successes like Obama’s campaign “billboards” on Xbox Live, Webkinz dolls and Radiohead’s name-your-own-album experiment. A...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Kirsten Wiley, Chris Anderson
My research group has made significant progress in many areas of human-computer interaction that will be of interest to Microsoft. This talk will quickly summarize our research over the last year in four areas: Citrine is a system that extends the widespread copy-and-paste interaction technique with intelligent transformations, making it possible to copy-and-paste in more situations. Citrine currently includes parsers that recognize contact information, calendar appointments and bibliographic...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, John SanGiovanni, Brad A. Myers
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The knowledge-based rational decision model (KBR-model) is built on explicit epistemic reading of standard game-theoretical assumptions, e.g., Harsanyi’s Maximin Postulate, in a non-probabilistic setting. This model suggests following maximin strategy over all scenarios which the agent considers possible to the best of his knowledge.
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Audio MP3 Archive, Yuri Gurevich, Sergei Artemov